No. Title
200 Y Jeong, SW Kim, J Kim, D Shin, J Kim, JH Park, SI An. 2023: Influence of ENSO on Tropospheric Ozone Variability in East Asia, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 128 (16), e2023JD038604
199 RR Wijngaard, AR Herrington, WH Lipscomb, GR Leguy, SI An. 2023: Exploring the ability of the variable-resolution Community Earth System Model to simulate cryospheric–hydrological variables in High Mountain Asia, The Cryosphere 17 (9), 3803-3828.
198 SY Song, SW Yeh, RP Allan, SP Xie, SI An, HS Park. 2023: Climate sensitivity controls global precipitation hysteresis in a changing CO2 pathway, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 6 (1), 156
197 YM Yang, JH Kim, JH Park, YG Ham, SI An, JY Lee, B Wang. 2023: Exploring dominant processes for multi-month predictability of western Pacific precipitation using deep learning, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 6 (1), 157
196 S Paik, D Kim, SI An, YG Ham. 2023: Constraining the First Year of Ice‐Free Arctic: Importance of Regional Perspective, Earth's Future 11 (10), e2022EF003313
195 HJ Choi, SK Min, SW Yeh, SI An, BM Kim. 2023: Seasonally distinct contributions of greenhouse gases and anthropogenic aerosols to historical changes in Arctic moisture budget, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 6 (1), 189
194 MK Sung, SI An, J Shin, JH Park, YM Yang, HJ Kim, M Chang. 2023: Ocean fronts as decadal thermostats modulating continental warming hiatus, Nature Communications 14 (1), 7777
193 S Paik, SI An, SK Min, AD King, SK Kim. 2023: Emergent constraints on future extreme precipitation intensification: from global to continental scales, Weather and Climate Extremes 42, 100613
192 C Liu, SI An, FF Jin, MF Stuecker, W Zhang, JS Kug, X Yuan, J Shin, A Xue, X Geng, SK Kim. 2023: ENSO skewness hysteresis and associated changes in strong El Niño under a CO2 removal scenario, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 6 (1), 117
191 C Liu, SI An, FF Jin, J Shin, JS Kug, W Zhang, MF Stuecker, X Yuan, A Xue, X Geng, SK Kim. 2023: Hysteresis of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation to CO2 forcing, Science Advances 9 (31), eadh8442
190 JS Kug, J Shin, SW Park, CK Park, J Kam, SI An, H Oh, SW Yeh, S Jeong, S Jeong, JS Kim. 2023: Negative CO2 emissions mitigate extremes of the terrestrial hydrological cycle via a vegetation physiological feedback,
189 SY Kim, YJ Choi, SW Son, KM Grise, PW Staten, SI An, SW Yeh, JS Kug, SK Min, J Shin 2023: Hemispherically asymmetric Hadley cell response to CO2 removal, Science advances 9 (30), eadg1801
188 SI An, HJ Park, SK Kim, W Cai, A Santoso, D Kim, JS Kug. 2023: MJO in Different Orbital Regimes: Main drivers of Indian Ocean Dipole asymmetry revealed by a simple IOD model, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 6 (1), 93
187 BB Goswami, SI An. 2023: MJO in Different Orbital Regimes: An assessment of the ENSO-monsoon teleconnection in a warming climate, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 6 (1), 82
186 S Paik, SI An, SK Min, AD King, J Shin. 2023: Hysteretic Behavior of Global to Regional Monsoon Area Under CO2 Ramp‐Up and Ramp‐Down, Earth's Future 11 (7), e2022EF003434
185 SS Rushley, D Kang, D Kim, SI An, T Wang. 2023: MJO in Different Orbital Regimes: Role of the Mean State in the MJO’s Amplitude during Boreal Winter, Journal of Climate 36 (13), 4475-4490
184 G Pathirana, JH Oh, W Cai, SI An, SK Min, SY Jo, J Shin, JS Kug. 2023: Increase in convective extreme El Niño events in a CO2 removal scenario, Science Advances 9 (25), eadh2412
183 JS Kug, SW Park, KM Noh, SI An, J Kam, EY Kwon, SK Min, RJ Park, SW Son, SW Yeh. 2023: How will global carbon cycle respond to negative emissions?, DOI: 10.22541/essoar.168676907.79589211/v1
182 SK Mondal, SI An, SK Min, SK Kim, J Shin, S Paik, N Im, C Liu. 2023: Hysteresis and irreversibility of global extreme precipitation to anthropogenic CO2 emission, Weather and Climate Extremes 40, 100561
181 S Paik, SK Min, SW Son, EP Lim, S McGregor, SI An, JS Kug, SW Yeh. 2023: Impact of volcanic eruptions on extratropical atmospheric circulations: review, revisit and future directions, Environmental Research Letters
180 YH Lee, SW Yeh, JS Hong, J Shin, SI An. 2023: Regime shift increase in East Asia's summer extreme hot day frequency across the late 1990s, International Journal of Climatology 43 (5), 2305-2317
179 HJ Kim, SI An, JH Park, MK Sung, D Kim, Y Choi, JS Kim. 2023: North Atlantic Oscillation impact on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation shaped by the mean state, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 6 (1), 25
178 YM Yang, JH Park, JY Park, SI An, SW Yeh, EY Kwon, JY Lee, T Li. 2023: North Atlantic chlorophyll blooming enhances terrestrial primary productivity over Europe,
177 JH Park, JS Kug, YM Yang, MK Sung, S Kim, HJ Kim, HJ Park, SI An. 2023: Distinct decadal modulation of Atlantic-Niño influence on ENSO,
176 YM Yang, JH Kim, JH Park, YG Ham, SI An, T Li, B Wang. 2023: Exploring dominant processes for multi-month MJO prediction using deep learning,
175 JH Park, SW Yeh, JS Kug, YM Yang, HS Jo, HJ Kim, SI An. 2023: Two regimes of inter-basin interactions between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans on interannual timescales, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 6 (1), 13
174 RR Wijngaard, AR Herrington, WL Lipscomb, GR Leguy, SI An. 2023: Exploring the ability of the variable-resolution CESM to simulate cryospheric-hydrological variables in High Mountain Asia, The Cryosphere Discussions, 1-39
173 SI An, SW Yeh, KH Seo, JS Kug, BM Kim, D Kim. 2023: Academic Development Status of Climate Dynamics in Korean Meteorological Society, 대기 33 (2), 125-154
172 SJ Shin, SW Yeh, SI An, N Keenlyside, SP Xie, JH Park. 2023: Southern ocean control of 2 C global warming in climate models, Earth's Future 11 (1), e2022EF003212


No. Title
171 R Olson, SK Kim, Y Fan, SI An. 2022: Probabilistic projections of El Niño Southern Oscillation properties accounting for model dependence and skill, Scientific reports 12 (1), 22128
170 S Paik, SK Min, SW Son, SI An, JS Kug, SW Yeh. 2022: How volcanic eruption latitudes diversify surface climate responses, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 1-26
169 YM Yang, DY Lee, JH Park, JY Lee, SI An, JY Moon, KS Yoon, T. Li, B. Wang, JA Cho. 2022: Increased global heavy fire emission by Madden-Julian Oscillation,
168 JS Kug, JH Oh, SI An, SW Yeh, SK Min, SW Son, J Kam, YG Ham, J Shin. 2022: Hysteresis of the intertropical convergence zone to CO2 forcing, Nature Climate Change 12 (1), 47-53
167 Kim, S.-W., Kim, K.-M., Jeong, Y., Seo, S., Park, Y., and Kim, J. 2022: Changes in surface ozone in South Korea on diurnal to decadal time scale for the period of 2001–2021, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 12867–12886 ,
166 S-Y Song, S-W Yeh, S-I An, J-S Kug, S-K Min, S-W Son, and J Shin, 2022: Asymmetrical response of summer rainfall in East Asia to CO2 forcing. Science Bulletin, 67(2), 213-222.,
165 BB Goswami, R Murtugudde, and S-I An, 2022: Role of the Bay of Bengal warming in Indian summer monsoon rainfall trend. Climate Dynamics, 59(5), 1733-1751.,
164 E-S Heo, S-I An, IM Ringgaard, S Yang, JH Christensen, and M-K Sung, 2022: Influence of retreating Barents-Kara Sea Ice on the periodicity of El Nino-Southern Oscillation, International Journal of Climatology, 42(9), 4881-4892..
163 A Cho, H Song, Y-J Tak, S-W Yeh, S-I An, S-M Lee, H-S Ji and Y-K Hyun 2022: Atmosphere-driven cold SST biases over the western North Pacific in the GloSea5 seasonal forecast system. Climate Dynamics,
162 M-J Kang, H-Y Chun, S-W Son, R R Garcia, S-I An, and S-H Park 2022: Role of tropical lower stratosphere winds in quasi-biennial oscillation disruption. Science Advances, 8 (27), eabm7229, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abm7229.
161 S-H Hyun, S-W Yeh, BP Kirtman and S-I An 2022: Internal Climate Variability in the Present Climate and the Change in ENSO Amplitude in Future Climate Simulations. Front. Clim. 116. doi: 10.3389/fclim.2022.932978
160 Y-M Yang, J-H Park, S-I An, S-W Yeh, Z Zhu, F Liu, J Li, J-Y Lee and B Wang 2022: Increased Indian Ocean-North Atlantic Ocean warming chain under greenhouse warming. Nature Communications. 13(1), 1-9.
159 S Paik, S-K Min, and S-I An, 2022: How explosive volcanic eruptions reshape daily precipitation distributions. Weather and Climate Extremes, 37, 100489.
158 J-H Oh, S-I An, J Shin, and J-S Kug, 2022: Centennial memory of the Arctic ocean for future arctic climate recovery in response to a carbon dioxide removal. Earth’s Future, 10(8), e2022EF002804..
157 BB Goswami, S-I An, and R Murtugudde, 2022: Role of the Tibetan plateau glaciers in the Asian summer monsoon. Climatic Change, 173(3), 1-16.
156 S-Y Jo, M-G Seong, S-K Min, J-S Kug, S-W Yeh, S-I An, S-W Son, and J Shin, 2022: Hysteresis behaviors in East Asian extreme precipitation frequency to CO2 pathway. Geophys. Res. Lett., 49(18),
155 S-K Kim, A Timmermann, J-S Kim, R Olson, S-I An, 2022: A low-order dynamical model for fire-vegetation-climate interactions. Environmental Research Letters, 17(9), 094004, 10.1088/1748-9326/ac8696
154 S.-K Kim, J. Shin, S.-I An, H.-J. Kim, N. Im, S.-P. Xie, J.-S. Kug, S.-W. Yeh, 2022: Widespread irreversible changes in surface temperature and precipitation in response to CO2 forcing, Nature Climate Change, 12(9),834-840,
153 S.-I An, S.-E. Park, J. Shin, Y.-M Yang, S.-W. Yeh, S.-W. Son, J.-S. Kug, 2022: General circulation and global heat transport in a quadrupling CO2 pulse experiment, Scientific Reports, 12(1), 1-11,
152 H. Oh, S.-I An, J. Shin, S.-W. Yeh, S.-K. Min, S.-W. Son, J.-S. Kug, 2022: Contrasting hysteresis Behaviors of Northern Hemisphere Land Monsoon Precipitation to CO2 Pathways, Earth's future, 10(6),
151 M.-K, Sung, S.-W. Son, C. Yoo, J. Hwang, andS.-I An, 2022: Dynamics of two distinct subseasonal growth of the North Pacific Oscillation, Journal of Climate, 35 (20)3141–3156,
150 S.-I An, H. Park, S.-K. Kim, J. Shin, S.-W. Yeh, and J.-S. Jug, 2022: Intensity changes of Indian Ocean Dipole Mode in a Carbon Dioxide Removal Scenario, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 5, 20,
149 S.-K. Kim, H.-J. Kim, H. A. Dijkstra, and S.-I. An, 2022: Slow and soft passage through tipping point of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in a changing climate, npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 5, 13.


No. Title
148 S-W Yeh, S-Y Song, R. P. Allan, S-I An, J-S Shin, 2021: Contrasting response of hydrological cycle over land and ocean to a changing CO2 pathway. npj Clim Atmos Sci 4, 53.
147 R. Olson, Y. Fan, S-I An, S-K Kim, 2021: A flexible data-driven cyclostationary model for the probability density of El Niño-Southern Oscillation, Chaos, 31, 103126.
146 S.-I. An, J. Shin, S.-W. Yeh, S.-W. Son, J.-S. Kug, S.-K., Min, and H.-J. Kim, 2021: Global cooling hiatus driven by an AMOC overshoot in a carbon dioxide removal scenario, Earth’s Future, 9, e2021EF002165.
145 J-H Park, M-K Sung, Y-M Yang, J Zhao, S-I An, and J-S Kug, 2021: Role of the climatological intertropical convergence zone in the seasonal footprinting mechanism of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, Journal of Climate, 34, 5243-5256.
144 S-K Kim, and S-I An, 2021: Seasonal gap theory for ENSO phase locking, Journal of Climate,34, 5621-5634.
143 H-J Kim, S-I An, S-K Kim, and J-H Park, 2021: Feedback processes modulating the sensitivity of Atlantic thermohaline circulation to freshwater forcing timescales. Journal of Climate, 34, 5081-5092,
142 E-S Heo, M-K Sung, S-I An, and Y-M Yang, 2021: Decadal phase shift of summertime Arctic dipole pattern and its nonlinear effect on sea ice extent, International Journal of Climatology,
141 Y-M Yang, J-H Park, S-I An, B Wang, and X Luo, 2021: Mean sea surface temperature changes influence ENSO-related precipitation changes in the mid-latitudes. Nature Communications, 12, 1495.
140 Sung, M.-K., S.-W. Son, C. Yoo, J. Hwang, and S.-I. An, 2021: Seesawing of winter extremes between East Asia and North America. Journal of Climate, 1-42.
139 R Olson, S-I An, S-K Kim and Y Fan, 2021: A novel approach for discovering stochastic models behind data applied to El Niño–Southern Oscillation. Scientific Reports, 11, 2648.
138 S-I An, H-J Kim, and S-K Kim, 2021: Rate-dependent hysteresis of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation system and its asymmetric loop. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL090132.
137 H-J Kim, S-I An, and D Kim, 2021: Timescale-dependent AMOC-AMO relationship in an earth system model of intermediate complexity. International Journal of Climatology, 41, E3298-E3306.
136 R Olson, A Timmermann, J-Y Lee, and S-I An, 2021: A low order dynamical model for runoff predictability. Climate Dynamics, 56, 399-422.
135 J-H Park, S-I An, J-S Kug, Y-M Yang, T Li, and H-S Jo, 2021: Mid-latitude leading double-dip La Niña. International Journal of Climatology, 41, E1353-E1370.


No. Title
134 S-I An, E Tziperman, Y Okumura, and T Li, 2020: Chapter 7: ENSO Irregularity and asymmetry. AGU Monograph: ENSO in a Changing Climate. M. McPhaden, A. Santoso, W. Cai (Eds.), Wiley
133 H Kim, S-W Yeh, S-I An, and S-Y Song, 2020: Changes in the role of Pacific Decadal Oscillation on sea ice extent variability across the mid-1990s. Scientific Reports, 10, 17564.
132 JR Brown, CM Brierley, S-I An, et al, 2020: Comparison of past and future simulations of ENSO in CMIP5/PMIP3 and CMIP6/PMIP4 models. Climate of the Past, 16, 1777-1805.
131 S-Y Jun, J-H Kim, J Choi, S-J Kim, B-M Kim, and S-I An, 2020: The internal origin of the west-east asymmetry of Antarctic climate change. Science Advances, 6(24), eaaz1490. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz1490
130 H Kim, S-W Yeh, S-I An, J-H Park, B-M Kim, and E-H Baek, 2020: Arctic sea ice loss as a potential trigger for central Pacific El Nino events. Geophysical Research letters, 47, e2020GL087028.
129 M-K Sung, C Yoo, S-W Yeh, Y Kosaka, and S-I An, 2020: Characteristics of the north Pacific Oscillation in CMIP5 models in relation to atmospheric mean states. Journal of Climate, 33, 3809-3825.
128 S-I An, S-K Kim, and A Timmermann, 2020: Fokker-Planck dynamics of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation. Scientific Reports, 10, 16282.
127 J Zhao, J-S Kug, J-H Park, and S-I An, 2020: Diversity of North Pacific meridional mode and its distinct impacts on El Niño-Southern Oscillation. Geophysical Research Letters,47, e2020GL088993.
126 Y-M Yang, S-I An, B Wang, and J H Park, 2020: A global-scale multidecadal variability driven by Atlantic multidecadal oscillation. National Science Review, 7, 1190-1197.
125 Soong-Ki Kim, Soon-Il An. 2020: Untangling El Niño‐La Niña Asymmetries Using a Nonlinear Coupled Dynamic Index. Geophysical Research Letters,47, e2019GL085881.


No. Title
124 J.-H. Park, J.-S. Kug, S.-I. An, and T. Li, 2019: Role of the western hemisphere warm pool in climate variability over the western North Pacific. Climate Dynamics, 53, 2743-2755.
123 R. Olson, S.-I. An, et al. 2019: A novel method to test non-exclusive hypotheses applied to Arctic ice projections from dependent models. Nature Communications,10(1), 3016.
122 J. Shin, R. Olson, and S.-I. An. 2019: Improved probabilistic twenty-first century projections of sea surface temperature over East Asian marginal seas by considering uncertainty owing to model error and internal variability. Climate Dynamics, 53, 6075-6087.
121 S.-I. An and E.-S. Heo. 2019: Robust opposite‐changing tendency between the thermal advection damping by mean current and thermo‐dynamical damping of ENSO Feedback in a changing climate, International Journal of Climatology,39, 5822-5829.
120 H.-J. Kim and S.-I. An 2019: Impact of North Atlantic Freshwater Forcing on the Pacific Meridional Overturning Circulation under Glacial and Interglacial Conditions. Journal of Climate,32. 4641-4659.
119 R. Olson, S.-I. An, Y. Fan, and J. P. Evans. 2019: Accounting for skill in trend, variability, and autocorrelation facilitates better multi-model projections: Application to the AMOC and temperature time series. PLoS ONE,14(4): e021435.


No. Title
118 R. Olson, K. L. Ruckert, W. Chang, K. Keller, M. Haran, and S.-I. An, 2018: Stilt: Easy emulation of time series AR(1) computer model output in multidimensional parameter space. The R Journal10:2, pages 209-225.
117 S.-W. Yeh et al 2018: ENSO atmospheric teleconnections and their response to greenhouse gas forcing. Reviews of Geophysics, 56, 185-206.
116 J.-W. Kim, and S.-I. An 2018: Western North Pacific anticyclone chnage associated with the EL Nino-Indian Ocean Dipole coupling. International Journal of Climatology,39, 2505-2521.
115 S.-I. An, and J.-W. Kim 2018: ENSO transition asymmetry: Internal and external causes and intermodel diversity. Geophysical Research Letters,45, 5095-5104.
114 A. Timmermann, and S.-I. An, et al. 2018: El Nino-Southern Oscillation complexity. Nature, 559, 535-545.
113 R. Olson, S.-I. An, Y. Fan, J. P. Evans, L. Caesar. 2018: North Atlantic observations sharpen meridional overturning projections. Climate Dynamics, 50, 4171-4188.
112 J.-W. Kim, S.-I. An 2018: Origin of early-spring central Pacific warming as the 1982-1983 El Nino precursor. International Journal of Climatology, 38, 2899-2906.
111 S.-I. An, 2018: Impact of Pacific Decadal Oscillation on Frequency Asymmetry of El Niño and La Niña events. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 35, 493-494.
110 S.-I. An, H. Bong. 2018: Feedback process responsible for the suppression of ENSO activity during the mid-Holocene. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 132, 779-790.
109 S.-I. An, S.-H. Im, S.-Y. Jun, 2018: Changes in ENSO activity during the last 6,000 years modulated by background climate state. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 2467-2475.
108 S.-W. Yeh, W. Cai, S.-K. Min, M. J. McPhaden, D. Dommenget, B. Dewitte, M. Collins, K. Ashok, S.-I. An, B.-Y. Yim, J.-S. Kug, 2018: ENSO atmospheric teleconnections and their response to greenhouse gas forcing. Reviews of Geophysics, 56, 185-206.
107 S.-J. Shin, S.-I. An, 2018: Interdecadal Change in the Relationship Between the North Pacific Oscillation and the Pacific Meridional Mode and Its Impact on ENSO. Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences,54, 53-61.
106 J. Shin, R. Olson, S.-I. An, 2018: Projected Heat Wave Characteristics over the Korean Peninsula During the Twenty-First Century. Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 54, 53-61.


No. Title
105 S.-I. An, E.-S. Heo, S. T. Kim. 2017: Feedback process responsible for intermodel diversity of ENSO variability. Geophys. Res. Lett. doi:10.1002/2017GL073203.
104 S.-I. An, H. Bong. 2017: Feedback process responsible for the suppression of ENSO activity during the mid-Holocene. Theor Appl Climatol. doi:10.1007/s00704-017-2117-6.
103 J.-H. Park, S.-I. An, J.-S. Kug. 2017: Interannual variability of western North Pacific SST anomalies and its impact on North Pacific and North America. Climate Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3538-8.
102 S.-I. An, H.-J. Kim, W. Park, B. Schneider. 2017: Impact of ENSO on East Asian winter monsoon during interglacial periods: effect of orbital forcing. Climate Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3506-8.
101 S.-I. An, J.-W. Kim. 2017: Role of nonlinear ocean dynamic response to wind on the asymmetrical transition of El Nino and La Nina. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 393-400, doi:10.1002/ 2016GL071971.


No. Title
99 S.-I. An, H. Bong. 2015: Inter-decadal change in El Nino-Southern Oscillation examined with Bjerknes stability index analysis. Climate Dynamics. DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2883-8
98 W. Cai, A. Santoso, G. Wang, S.-W. Yeh, S.-I. An, K. Cobb, M. Collins, E. Guilyardi, F.-F. Jin, J.-S. Kug, M. Lengaigne, M. J. McPhaden, K. Takahashi, A. Timmermann, G. Vecchi, M. Watanabe and L. Wu. 2015: ENSO and greenhouse warming. Nature Clim Change5, 849–859.
97 S-H Im, S-I An, S. T. Kim, and F-F Jin. 2015: Feedback processes responsible for El Nino-La Nina amplitude asymmetry. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 5556-5563,
96 M-K Sung, S-I An, B-M Kim, and J-S Kug. 2015: Asymmetric impact of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on El Nino and La Nina characteristics. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 4998-5004,
95 S.-K. Min, S-W Son, K.-H. Seo, J.-S. Kug, S.-I. An, Y.-S. Choi, J.-H. Jeong, B.-M. Kim, J.-W. Kim, Y.-H. Kim, J.-Y. Lee, and M.-I. Lee, 2015: Changes in Weather and climate Extremes over Korea and Possible Causes: A Review. Asia-Pac. J. Atmos. Sci., 51(2), 103-121
94 Yu, J.-Y., P.-K. Kao, H. Paek, H.-H. Hsu, C.-W. Hung, M.-M. Lu, and S.-I. An, 2015: Linking Emergence of the Central-Pacific El Nino to the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation. J.Climate., 28, 651-662.
93 S.-I. An., and J. Choi, 2015: Why the Twenty-first Century Tropical Pacific Trend Pattern cannot significantly influence ENSO Amplitude?. Climate Dynamics., 44, 133-146.


No. Title
92 Y. G. Lee, J. Kim, C.-H. Ho ,S.-I. An, H.-K. Cho, R. Mao, B. Tian, D. Wu, J. N. Lee, O. Kalashnikova, Y. Choi and S.-W. Yeh. 2014: The effects of ENSO under negative AO phase on spring dust activity over northern China: an observational investigation. Int. J. Climatol., 35(6). 935-947.
91 Park, J.-H., and S.-I. An 2014: Southward displacement of the upper atmosphere zonal jet in the eastern north Pacific due to global warming, Geophysical Res.Lett., 41, 7861-7867
90 Kim, S.-T., W. Cai, F.-F. Jin, A. Santoso, L. Wu, E. Guilyardi, and S.-I. An 2014: Response of El Nino sea surface temperature variability to greenhouse warming, Nature Climate Change, 4, 786-790.
89 Sung, M.-K., S.-I. An, B.-M. Kim and S.-H. Woo 2014: A physical mechanism of the precipitation dipole in the western United States based on PDO-storm track relationship. Geophy. Res. Lett., 41, 4719-4726.
88 Ham, Y.-G., M.-K. Sung, S.-I. An, S.D. Schubert and J.-S. Kug 2014: Role of tropical Atlantic SST variability as a modulator of El Nino teleconnections. Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci., 50(1), 1-15.
87 Park, J.-H, and S.-I. An 2014: Impact of Tropical Western Pacific Convection on the North Pacific Atmospheric Circulation during the Boreal Winter. Climate Dynamics,, 43, 2227-2238.
86 S.-I. An, and S.-H. Im, 2014: Blunt ocean dynamical thermostat in response of tropicla eastern Pacific SST to global warming. Theoretical and Applied Climatology,, 118, 173-183.
85 S.-I. An, and Choi, 2014: Mid-Holocene Tropicla Pacific Climate State, Annual Cycle, and ENSO in PMIP2 and PMIP3. Climate Dynamics,, 43, 957-970.
84 Sung, M.-K., Kim, B.-M., S.-I. An, 2014: Altered atmospheric responses to eastern Pacific and central Pacific El Ninos over the north Atlantic region due to stratospheric interference. Climate Dynamics,, 42, 159-170
83 Yeh, S.-W., J.-S. Kug and S.-I. An, 2014: Recent Progress on Two Types of El Nino : Observations, Dynamics, and Future Changes. Asia Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 50(1), 69-81, 2014.


No. Title
82 Santos, A., S. McGregor, F.-F. Jin, W. Cai, M.H. England, S.-I. An, M.J. McPhaden and E. Guilyardi, 2013: Late-twentieth-century emergence of the El Nino propagation asymmetry and future projections. Nature, 504, 126-130.
81 Sung, M. -K., Y.-G. Ham, J.-S. Kug, and S.-I. An, 2013: An Alterative Effect by the Tropical North Atlantic SST in Intraseasonally Varying El Nino Teleconnection over the North Atlantic. Tellus A, Tellus A 2013, 65, 19863
80 Thual, S., B. Dewitte, S.-I. An, S. Illig, and N. Ayoub, 2013: Influence of Recent Stratification Changes on ENSO stability in a Conceptual Model of the Equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 26,4790-4802.
79 H.-R, Kim. and S.-I. An, 2013: On the Subarctic North Atlantic Cooling due to Global Warming, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 114, 9-19.
78 Choi, J., S.-I. An, S.-W. Yeh, and J.-Y. Yu, 2013: ENSO-like and ENSO-induced Tropical Pacific Decadal Variability in CGCMs, J. Climate, 26, 1485-1501.
77 Park, J.-H., S.-I. An, S.-W. Yeh, and Schneider N., 2013: Quantitative Assessment of the Climate Components Driving the Pacific Decadal Oscillation in Climate Models, Theor. Appl. Climatol, 112, 431-445.
76 An, S.-I., H.-R. Kim, and B.-M. Kim, 2013: Impact of Freshwater Discharge from the Greenland Ice Sheet on North Atlantic Climate Variability, Theor. Appl. Climatol.112,29-43.
75 An, S.-I. and J.-H. Park, 2013: Maintenance of PDO Variability during the Mid-­Holocene in PMIP2, Climate Dynamics, 40,1291-1299(Feb 27, 2013).
74 An, S.-I. and J. Choi, 2013: Inverse relationship between the equatorial eastern Pacific annual-cycle and ENSO amplitudes in a Coupled General Circulation Model, Climate Dynamics, 40,663-675.
73 Choi, J. and S.-I. An, 2013: Quantifying the residual effects of ENSO on low-frequency variability in the tropical Pacific, Int. J. Climatology, 33,1047-1052
72 Y. Tang, S.-I. An, and W. Duan, 2013: Climate Variability and Predictability at Various Time Scales, Advances in Meteorology, 2012, Article ID 857831, 1 page. doi:10.1155/2012/857831.


No. Title
71 Im, S.-H., S.-I. An, M. Lengaigne, and Y, Noh, 2012: Seasonality of Tropical Instability Waves and Its Feedback to the Seasonal Cycle in the Tropical Eastern Pacific, The Scientific World Journal, 2012, Article ID 612048, 11 pages. doi:10.1100/2012/612048.
70 Ham, S., S.-Y. Jong, Y. Noh, S.-I. An, Y.-H. Byun, H.-S. Kang, J. Lee, and W.-T. Kwon, 2012: Effects of fresh water run off on a trpical Pacific climate in the HAdGEM2. Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 457 -463.
69 An, S.-I., J.-W Kim, S.-H. Im, B.-M. Kim, and J.-H. Park, 2012: Recent and Future Sea Surface Temperature Trends in Tropical Pacific Warm Pool and Cold Tongue Regions, Climate Dynamics, 39, 1373-1383.
68 Dewitte B., J. Choi, S.-I. An, and S. Thual, 2012: Vertical structure variability and equatorial waves during central Pacific and eastern Pacific El Ninos in a coupled general circulation model, Climate Dynamics, 38, 2275-2289.
67 Choi, J., S.-I. An, and S.-W. Yeh, 2012: Decadal amplitude modulation of two types of ENSO and its relationship with the mean state, Climate Dynamics, 38, 2631-2644.
66 An, S.-I., J.-H. Park, B.-M. Kim, A. Timmermann, and F.-F. Jin, 2012: Impacts of ocean gateway and basin width on Tertiary tropical climate variability in a prototype model, Theor, Appl. Climatol., 107, 155-164.
65 An, S.-I. and J. Choi, 2012: On the Development of 2012 EI Nino, Atmosphere. 22, 465-472( Korean).


No. Title
64 An, S.-I., 2011: Atmospheric responses of Gill-type and Lindzen-Nigam models to global warming, J. Climate, 24, 6165-6173.
63 Choi, J., S.-I. An, J.-S. Kug, and S.-W. Yeh, 2011: The role of mean state on changes in El Nino’s flavor, Climate Dynamics, 37, 1205-1215.
62 Thual, S., B. Dewitte, N. Ayoub, and S.-I. An, 2011: Sensitivity of ENSO to stratification in a recharge-discharge conceptual model. J. Climate, 24, 4332-4349.
61 Sung, M.-K., G.-H. Lim, J.-S. Kug, and S.-I. An, 2011: A linkage between the NAO and its down stream development due to the existence of blocking ridge. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmosphere, 116, D11107.
60 Kim, B.-M., and S.-I. An, 2011: Understanding ENSO regime behavior upon an increase in the warm-pool temperature using a simple ENSO model. J. Climate, 24, 1438-1450.
59 An, S.-I., and F.-F. Jin, 2011: Linear solutions for the frequency and amplitude modulation of ENSO by the annual cycle, Tellus, 63A, 238-243.
58 An, S.-I., K.-J. Ha, K.-H. Seo, S.-W. Yeh, S.-K. Min, and C.-H. Ho, 2011: A review of recent climate trends and causes over the Korean Peninsula, Climate Change Research, 2(4), 237-251(Korean).


No. Title
57 An, S.-I., and J. Choi, 2010: Interaction between Equatorially Symmetric and Asymmetric Tropical Eastern Pacific SSTs, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 102, 151-158.
56 Belmadani, A., B. Dewitte and S.-I. An, 2010: ENSO feedbacks and associated timescales of variabillity in a multi-model ensemble, J.Climate, 23, 3181-3204.
55 Collins, M., S.-I. An, W. Cai, A. Ganachaud, E. Guilyardi, F.-F. Jin, M. Jochum, M. Lengaigne, S. Power, A. Timmermann, G. Vecchi, and A. Wittenberg, 2010: The impact of global warming on the tropical Pacific Ocean and El Nino, Nature Geoscience, 3, 391-397.
54 Kug, J.-S., S.-I. An, Y.-G. Ham, and I.-S. Kang, 2010: Changes in El Nino and La Nina teleconncetions over North Pacific-America in the global warming simulations, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 100, 275-282.
53 Kug, J.-S., J. Choi, S.-I. An, F.-F. Jin and A.-T. Wittenberg, 2010: Warm Pool and Cold Tongue El Nino events as simulated by the GFDL2.1 coupled GCM, J. Climate, 23, 1226-1239.
52 An, S. -I., Y.-G. Ham, J.-S. Kug, A. Timmermann, J. Choi and I.-S. Kang, 2010: The inverse effect of annual mean state and annual cycle changes on ENSO, J. Climate, 23, 1095-1110.
51 Kug, J.-S., S.-I. An, 2010: Ocean dynamic processes responsible for the interannual variability of the tropical Indian Ocean SST associated with ENSO, Atmosphere, 20, 211-219.


No. Title
50 Choi, J., S.-I. An, B. Dewitte, and W.-W. Hsieh, 2009: Interactive feedback between the tropical Pacific decadal oscillation and ENSO in a coupled general circulation model, J. Climate, 22, 6597-6611.
49 Dewitte, B., S. Thual, S.-W. Yeh, S.-I. An, B.-K. Moon, and Giese, 2009: Low-frequency Variability of Temperature in the Vicinity of the Equatorial Pacific thermocline in SODA: Role of Equatorial Wave Dynamics and ENSO Asymmetry, J. Climate, 22, 5783-5795.
48 An, S. -I., and J. Choi, 2009: Seasonal locking of the ENSO asymmetry and its influence on the seasonal cycle of the tropical eastern Pacific sea surface temperature. Atmospheric Research, 94, 3-9.
47 An, S. -I., 2009: A review of interdecadal changes in the nonlinearity of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 97, 29-40.
46 Kug, J.-S., F.-F. Jin, and S.-I. An, 2009: Two Types of El Nino Events: Cold Tongue El Nino and Warm Pool El Nino, J. Climate, 22, 1499-1515.


No. Title
45 An, S.-I., 2008: Interannual Changes in the Variability of Tropical Pacific Instability Waves, Asia Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 44, 249-258.
44 An, S.-I., 2008: Interannual Variations of the Tropical Ocean Instability Wave and ENSO, J. Climate. 21, 3680-3686.
43 An, S.-I., 2008: A mechanism for the multi-decadal climate oscillation in the North Pacific, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 91, 77-84.
42 An, S.-I., J.-S. Kug, Y.-G. Ham, and I.-S. Kang, 2008: Successive modulation of ENSO to the future greenhouse warming, J. Climate. 21, 3-21.
41 Timmermann, A., Y. Okumura, S.-I. An, A. Clement, B. Dong, E. Guilyardi, A. Hu, J. H. Jungclaus, M. Renold, T. F. Stocker, R. J. Stouffer, R. Sutton, S.-P. Xie, and J. Yin, 2007: The influence of a weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation on ENSO, J. Climate. 20, 4899-4919.
40 Timmermann, A., S. J. Lorenz, S.-I. An, A. Clement, and S.-P. Xie, 2007: The effect of orbital forcing on the mean climate and variability of the tropical Pacific, J. Climate. 20, 4147-4159.
39 Yeh, S.-W., B. P. Kirtman, and S.-I. An, 2007: Local versus non-local atmospheric weather noise and the North Pacific SST, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L14706.
38 Dewitte, B., C. Cibot, C. Perigaud, S.-I. An, and L. Terray, 2007: Interaction between near-annual and ENSO modes in a CGCM simulation : Role of the equatorial background mean state, J. Climate. 20, 1035-1052.
37 Holland, C. L., R. B. Scott, S.-I. An, and F. W. Taylor, 2007: Propagating decadal sea surface temperature signal identified in modern proxy records of the tropical Pacific, Climate Dynamics, 28, 163-179.
36 An, S.-I., J.-S. Kug, A. Timmermann, I.-S. Kang, and O. Timm, 2007: The influence of ENSO on the generation of decadal variability in the North Pacific, J. Climate. 20, 667-680.
35 An, S.-I., Z. Ye., and W. Hsieh, 2006: Changes in the leading ENSO modes associated with the late 1970s climate shift : Role of surface zonal current, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L14609.
34 Kug, J.-S., T. Li, S.-I. An, I.-S. Kang, J.-J. Luo, S. Masson, and T. Yamagata, 2006: Role of the ENSO-Indian Ocean coupling on ENSO variability in a coupled GCM, Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L09710.
33 Kwon, M. H., J.-G, Jhun, B. Wang, S.-I. An, and J.-S. Kug, 2005 : Decadal change in relationship between east Asian summer monsson and western north Pacific summer monsoon, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L16709.
32 Wang, B., and S.-I. An, 2005: A method for season-dependent modes of climate variability : S-EOF analysis, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L15710.
31 Timmermann, A., S.-I. An, U. Krebs, and H. Goosse, 2005: ENSO suppression due to a weakening of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation, J. Climate. 18, 3122-3139.
30 An, S.-I., and B. Wang, 2005: The forced and intrinsic low-frequency models in the North Pacific, J. Climate. 18, 876-885.
29 Kug, J.-S., S.-I. An, F.-F. Jin, and I.-S. Kang, 2005: Preconditions for El Nino and La Nina onsets and their relation to Indian Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L05706.
28 An, S.-I., and W. W. Hsieh, and F.-F. Jin, 2005: A nonlinear analysis of ENSO cycle and its interdecadal changes, J. Climate. 18, 3229-3239.
27 An, S.-I., 2005: Relative roles of the equatorial upper ocean zonal current and thermocline in determining the timescale of the tropical climate system, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 81, 121-132.
26 An, S.-I., Y.-G. Ham, J.-S. Kug, F.-F. Jin, and I.-S. Kang, 2005: El Nino-La Nina asymmetry in the coupled model Intercomparison project simulations, J. Climate. 18, 2617-2627.


No. Title
25 An, S.-I., A. Timmermann, L. Bejarano, F.-F. Jin, F. Justino, Z. Liu, and A. W. Tudhope, 2004: Modeling evidence for enhanced El Nino-Southern Oscillation amplitude during the Last Glacial Maximum, Paleoceanography. 19, PA4009.
24 An, S.-I., 2004: Interdecadal changes in the El Nino-La Nina asymmetry, Geophy. Res. Lett., 31, L23210.
23 Kang, I.-S., J.-S. Kug, S.-I. An and F.-F. Jin, 2004: A Near-Annual Pacific Ocean Basin Mode, J. Climate. 17, 2478-2488.
22 An, S.-I., and F.-F. Jin, 2004: Nonlinearity and asymmetry of ENSO, J. Climate. 17, 2399-2412.
21 An, S.-I., 2004: A dynamic link between the basin-scale and zonal modes in the Tropical Indian Ocean, Theor. Appl. Climato., 78, 203-215.
20 Kug, J.-S., I.-S. Kang and S.-I. An, 2003: Symmetric and anti-symmetric mass exchanges between the equatorial and off-equatorial Pacific associated with ENSO, J. Geophy. Res. -Oceans. 108, C8, 3284.
19 An, S.-I., 2003: Conditional Maximum Covariance Analysis and its Application to the Tropical Indian Ocean SST and Surface wind Stress Anomalies, J. Climate. 16, 2932-2938.
18 Jin, F.-F., S.-I. An, A. Timmermann, and J. Zhao, 2003: Strong El Nino events and nonlinear dynamical heating, Geophys. Res. Letts. 30, 1120.
17 Jin, F.-F., J.-S. Kug, S.-I. An and I.-S. Kang, 2003: A near-annual coupled ocean-atmosphere mode in the equatorial Pacific ocean, Geophys. Res. Letts. 30, 1080.
16 Wang, B., and S.-I. An, 2002: A mechanism for decadal changes of ENSO behavior : Roles of background wind changes, Climate Dyn. 18, 475-486.
15 An, S.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 2001: Tropical Pacific Basin-Wide Adjustment and Oceanic Waves, Geophy. Res. Lett., 28, 3975-3978.
14 Wang, B., and S.-I. An, 2001: Why the Properties of El Nino changed During the Late 1970s, Geophy. Res. Lett., 28, 3421-3432.
13 An, S.-I., and F.-F. Jin, 2001: Collective Role of Thermocline and Zonal Advective Feedbacks in the ENSO Mode, J. Climate, 14, 3421-3432.
12 An, S.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 2001: Sensitivity of the Equatorial Air-Sea Coupled System to the Zonal Phase Difference between SST and Wind Stress, Adv. Atmos. Sci., 18, 155-165.
11 Kang, I.-S., S.-I. An and F.-F. Jin, 2001: A Systematic Approximation of the SST Anomaly Equation for ENSO, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan. 79, 1-10.
10 An, S.-I., and B. Wang, 2001: Mechanisms of locking the El Nino and La Nina mature phases to boreal winter, J. Climate. 27, 2164-2176.


No. Title
9 An, S.-I., and F.-F. Jin, 2000: An eigen analysis of the interdecadal changes in the structure and frequency of ENSO mode, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1573-1576.
8 An, S.-I., and B. Wang, 2000: Interdecadal change of the structure of the ENSO mode and it impact on the ENSO frequency, J. Climate. 13, 2044-2055.
7 An, S.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 2000: A further investigation of the recharge oscillator paradigm for ENSO using a simple coupled model with the zonal mean and eddy separated, J. Climate. 13, 1987-1993.
6 An, S.-I, 2000: On the slow mode in a simple air-sea coupled model : The Sensitivity to the zonal phase difference between the SST and the atmospheric heating, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan. 78, 159-165.
5 An, S.-I., F.-F. Jin, and I.-S. Kang, 1999: The role of zonal advection feedback in phase transition and growth of ENSO in the Cane-Zebiak model, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan. 77, 1151-1160.
4 Jin, F.-F. and S.-I. An, 1999: Thermocline and zonal advection feedbacks within the equatorial ocean recharge oscillator model for ENSO, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 2989-2992.
3 Kang, I.-S., and S.-I. An, 1998: Kelvin and Rossby wave contributions to the SST oscillation of ENSO, J. Climate. 11, 2461-2469.
2 Kang, I.-S., Yang-Mi Lee, and S.-I. An, 1995: Interannual variability of Typhoon activity over the western Pacific and El Nino, J. Korean Meteor. Soc. 31, 15-26.
1 Kang, I.-S., S.-I. An, C.-H. Joung, S.-C. Yoon, and S.-M. Lee, 1989: 30-60 day oscillation signal appearing in climatological variation of outgoing longwave radiation around East Asian region during Northern Summer, J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 25, 221-232.